William Strunk, Jr., and E. B. Strunk, William, Jr., and E. B. For instance, most people parenthesize their area code and use hyphens to separate local digits of their phone number. But since we inevitably use periods and parentheses within the same sentence, it’s essential to learn how to use them correctly. "The windows misted over from the heat and the smoke inside” (Hemingway 1). Yagoda, Ben. For this particular example, it’s correct to treat parenthetical material as an independent clause and use a period inside the brackets. Julio Cortázar wrote many short stories, including ‘La noche boca arriba’, ‘Casa tomada’, and ‘Babas del diablo’. There are no quotation marks around the quotation. Yagoda also points to the inconsistency of the method used in the United States, which places “other punctuation marks—semicolons, colons, exclamation points, question marks, dashes” outside quotation marks. The standard rule in American punctuation is that periods go inside quotation marks, as do most commas, even if the punctuation is not part of the quote. In journalism, the default style guide is AP style. For example. There are also times when parenthetical sentences occur outside of a complete sentence. 16th ed., U of Chicago P, 2010. That’s always true—whether the quotation appears at the beginning of the sentence, in the middle of the sentence, or at the very end. Summary. In our case, “e.g.,” means “exempli gratia” (‘for example’) and “etc.” means “et cetera” (‘and other things’). Now, you might notice how we use periods inside the parentheses while abbreviating “e.g.,” and “etc.” As long as the abbreviations are necessary and correct, there’s no problem using periods within any parenthetical list or statement. Note: The period goes outside the brackets, at … Similarly, as shown in the Purdue Owl, a typical MLA citation may be, This phenomenon is best referred to as a “cumulative collaboration of evidence” (Pepper). 2nd ed., Hartley and Marks, 1999. MLA: Block Quotations. Alanna Madden is a freelance writer and editor from Portland, Oregon. In either case, the question mark and exclamation point are exclusive to the parenthetical clause, and the rest of the sentence should end with a period. Available for fall 2020 and spring 2021 courses. For example, “(971)-971-9701.”. Inside. MLA: “A complete sentence with the second mention of a source (201). Most APA citations parenthesize the author’s last name and year of publication (separated with a comma). reCAPTCHA helps prevent automated form spam. The Chicago Manual of Style allows the use of a sentence-terminating period; the MLA … Citing multiple sources: (Surname 201; Surname 401). for parenthetical sentences that consist of an incomplete sentence or list. For example, note numbers are omitted, end-of-line hyphenation is not reproduced, and double quotation marks in the source are converted to single marks.1 The imperative to transcribe the wording of quotations exactly, in other words, is compatible with conventions for integrating them into one’s own prose. It is also the same for instances where a title within a title comes at the end of a sentence: A new approach to Flannery O’Connor’s short story can be found in the essay “The Uncanny Theology of ‘A Good Man Is Hard to Find.’”. But the editors of The Chicago Manual of Style note that “[e]xceptions” to the British style “are widespread” (309), so in terms of consistency, neither approach is better than the other. – user54711 Oct 23 '13 at 4:30. 1. See the below examples and also the relevant sections in the MLA handbook, The Bedford Handbook , and the use of quotations in the sample papers on reserve. End the quote with its appropriate punctuation mark, and after that, inside parentheses, give the last name of the author and the page number or … ... an anthology, include the title in quotations marks instead.