They also hav… The spots vary in shape and size from small round to elongate. The lynx is known by the tuft of black hair on the tips of its ears and its short or bobbed tail. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. There are noted differences from its relatives, the Eurasian Lynx: it is much smaller and its coat is more heavily marked with darker spots. [24], The Iberian species has low adaptability—it continued to rely heavily on rabbits (75% of its food intake) despite the latter's repeated population crashes due to myxomatosis and rabbit haemorrhagic disease. Supplemental food sources could be provided if wild rabbits suffered a decline. [58], Since a 2007 outbreak of feline leukemia virus (FeLV), wild lynxes are tested periodically for possible disease. [14] Populations declined from 15 subpopulations in the 1940s to only two subpopulations in the early 1990s, most noticeably in Montes de Toledo and Sierra Morena. [17], Fossil remains indicate that the Iberian lynx had a wider range during the Late Pleistocene and Holocene. 1. [78] Iberian lynxes in Doñana and Andujar differ genetically at microsatellite markers. Interesting And Fun Facts About Iberian Lynx. There are four species Lynx still living today. Status. The tail of the Lynx looks as though it was dipped in an inkwell being black all the way around, whereas the Bobcat’s tail appears to have been painted black on top and white on the bottom. The genetic diversity of the Iberian lynx is lower than in any other genetically impoverished felid, which is a consequence of fragmentation, a population bottleneck, and isolation of population units. Siberian lynx commonly hunt prey three to four times their size. They include the Canadian Lynx, Eurasian Lynx, Iberian Lynx, and the Bobcat. Facts about Lynx 10: bobcat. By the time they started building a resistance to this disease and the numbers started to recover, a new disease –viral hemorrhagic pneumonia – took its place and killed a large number of adult rabbits. The global conservation status of the Iberian Lynx is currently Endangered (EN), although previously it was one of the most endangered cats at a status of Critically Endangered (CR). Although humans have been the main reason the Iberian Lynx has become critically endangered. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. remain in their natal territory until around 20 months old. The big cat running out of space. It may be induced to disperse to areas with a more suitable climate but fewer rabbits, a circumstance that may contribute to higher mortality. [13] The Iberian lynx has been declared to be the most endangered lynx cat out of the four species of the lynx cats, with several statistical evidence showing that their population is less than 300 in areas of Spain. They have a flared facial ruff, long prominent black ear tufts, and long hind legs with a short black tipped tail. [citation needed], The Iberian lynx marks its territory with its urine, scratch marks on the barks of trees, and scat. Status: CITES: Appendix I. IUCN: Endangered. [33][34], In 2013, it was reported that the Iberian lynx possesses antibiotic resistant bacteria within its digestive tract, which may lead to more dangerous and difficult-to-treat infections, and decrease its fitness. They can be found living in woodlands, … Earlier, Iberian lynxes were classified under Eurasian lynx but now have been considered a separate species with a cat like face, and have a distinct skin marking than their European cousins. 930 Views Camera trapping surveys in the eastern Sierra Morena Mountains between 1999 and 2008 revealed that six females had home ranges of 5.2–6.6 km2 (2.0–2.5 sq mi). Iberian lynx has the scientific name of Lynx pardinus. It has been listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List since 2014. [3][4][5], By the turn of the 21st century, the Iberian lynx was on the verge of extinction, as only 94 individuals survived in two isolated subpopulations in Andalusia in 2002. Known as the most endangered feline in the world, the Iberian Lynx is one worth taking a close look at. Iberian lynx males weigh, approximately, 13kg and females 10kg. Lynx - Lynx - Eurasian lynx: The Eurasian lynx (L. lynx) is the largest member of the genus and Europe’s third largest predator. The Catskill Mountains in New York were possibly named after the bobcat, a resident of the … #realcork #iberianlynx #endangeredspecies. [38] Officials intending to release captive-bred lynx look for areas of appropriate habitat, rabbit abundance, and acceptance by the local human population. It is a monotypic species and is thought to have evolved from Lynx issiodorensis. Its diet primarily consists of rabbits and hare, but will hunt deer, ducks, and fish. We introduce a special launch offer, until March 31: the next full day photo session will be free, in case the lynx … The fur is typically grayish, with tints varying from yellowish to rusty and is distinctly spotted. The typical gestation period is about two months; the kittens are born between March and September, with a peak of births in March and April. In the 1950s, the northern population extended from the Mediterranean to Galicia and parts of northern Portugal, and the southern population from central to southern Spain. They are often confused with their smaller feline cousins the Bobcat, but can be easily distinguished by their tail tips. [71], In March 2013, it was reported that Iberian lynx embryos and oocytes had been collected and preserved for the first time. [40][48], On 26 November 2014, 8 Iberian lynxes were released into Toledo, Spain; one of them traveled near Madrid, the first time in 40 years. One of the best ways to help is through general donations that can be used however it is most needed at the time.To make a general donation just click the Donate Now button below. Social System and Communication: Unknown. It has a distinctive ‘beard’ around its face and weighs roughly half the size of the largest lynx species: the Eurasian lynx. During the mating season the female leaves her territory in search of a male. This is the best way to give as it has the lowest credit card processing fees and is immediate help for the cats. [70] In February 2019, the total population was estimated to grow to around 650 individuals. The earliest fossil remains of the Iberian lynx date to the Early Pleistocene. [47] A study published in July 2013 in Nature Climate Change advised that reintroduction programs take place in northern Iberia, suggesting that climate change would threaten rabbits in the south. Common Name: Iberian Lynx, Spanish Lynx Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata (Vertebrata) Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Family: Felidae Genus: Felinae (Lynx) Species: pardina Misc. FUN FACTS. [36] The kittens become independent at 7 to 10 months old, but remain with the mother until around 20 months old. [54] latest news on the Iberian Lynx. These projects are executed through cooperation agreements (“land stewardship”) with private rural properties inhabited by the lynx and include activities that promote rabbit population … This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. [3] As of 2014, its range included the Sierra Morena and Montes de Toledo in Castilla-La Mancha (Spain), the Matachel Valley in Extremadura (Spain), and the Guadiana Valley in Portugal. [68] In 2012, breeding centers in Portugal and Spain reported a total of 44 survivors from 59 births,[68] while 2013 saw a total of 44 survivors out of 53 born. The Quartet – These cats have their own taxonomic genus. This animal is just so fascinating to know about and am going to try and research more about this type of Lynx. What are the Scientific Names for Common Wild Cat Species. September–December 2013 samples were negative for FeLV but one male became the first of his species to test positive for feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and was placed into quarantine. The female will give birth to two to three young after a nine week gestation period. The most rare species of Lynx is the Spanish Lynx. They have a body length of between 85 and 110 cms (34 - 43 inches), a tail length of approximately 13 cms (5 inches) and they weigh between 10 and 13 Kgs (22 - 29 lbs). Iberian lynx hunt rabbits. It is now largely restricted to mountainous areas. On 5 Ratings. Scientific Name. Hunting and Diet: Like the Canadian Lynx, the mainstay of this Lynx’s diet is the rabbit. Samples collected in Doñana exhibited a high degree of inbreeding as this unit was isolated for a long time. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. The Desert Lynx isn’t categorized in the Lynx genus which can be confusing to many people. The Iberian lynx has a tawny coat with dark spots, long legs, a short tail, and tufts of hair at the end of its ears that is characteristic of lynx species. [29], The Iberian lynx is threatened by habitat loss, road accidents, and illegal hunting. [37], Management efforts are being developed to conserve and restore the animal's native range. Others believe it is related to hierarchy, and "survival of the fittest". Iberian Lynx news . Here are five interesting facts about them: These beautiful cats grow up to 1 metre long. The Jerez animals integrate the breeding program, the two Lisbon lynxes were formerly in the Portuguese breeding center but are no longer suited for the program (the female had multiple failed pregnancies and the male has a form of epilepsy),[77] and the two Madrid lynxes were equally retired from the breeding program for not being suited for reproduction. [32], In 2007, several individuals died of feline leukemia. The Siberian lynx prefers the cold wilderness and high altitude forests. It is listed on CITES Appendix I, on Appendix II of the Berne Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats and on Annexes II and IV of the Habitats Directive of the European Union. [2], Conservation measures include restoring its native habitat, maintaining the wild rabbit population, reducing unnatural causes of death, and releasing captive bred individuals. The Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) is a wild cat species endemic to the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe. The Spanish Government is now in the process of developing a national conservation effort to save the Iberian Lynx. [76] Iberian Lynx – current facts and figures. When breeding or during harsh weather, lynx will often take shelter in caves or in hollow logs. On 7 February 2015, another pair was released into the park, but the female was later found dead on 12 March 2015 after being poisoned in Mértola. Also, it often kills other smaller carnivores such as red fox, Egyptian mongoose and common genet (Genetta genetta).[25]. The Iberian lynx declined steadily throughout the 20th century, and at the beginning of the 2000s, only two isolated breeding populations remained in the world, located in southern Spain. [46][43] In July 2013, environmental groups confirmed the presence of a wild-born litter in the Province of Cáceres (Extremadura). These animals are primarily nocturnal, except during the winter months when they have diurnal activity peaks. Size and Appearance: The Iberian Lynx is similar in its appearance to the Eurasian Lynx, but about half its size. [35] Climate change may threaten the Iberian lynx, as it is not able to adapt well to a climate change. [20][21][22] Today I want to write about a very special species of cat, the Iberian lynx. In the 20th century, the Iberian lynx population had declined because of overhunting and poaching, fragmentation of suitable habitats; the population of its main prey species, the European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus), experienced a severe decline caused by [59], In 2002, the Jerez Zoo confirmed it had three females and was developing a plan for a captive breeding program. [30] Illegal traps set for rabbits and foxes were leading causes for lynx fatality in the 1990s. The maximum longevity in the wild is 13 years.[26][27]. A lynx (/ l ɪ ŋ k s /; plural lynx or lynxes) is any of the four species (Canada lynx, Iberian lynx, Eurasian lynx, bobcat) within the medium-sized wild cat genus Lynx.The name lynx originated in Middle English via Latin from the Greek word λύγξ, derived from the Indo-European root leuk-('light, brightness') in reference to the … They can even kill reindeer when given the opportunity. They reach independence by the age of 7-10 months, but will They mostly catch small preys; rabbits and hares are their favourite food, consisting of 70 to 80 % of … Iberian Lynx Images and Facts Iberian Lynx is basically jeopardized with just around 225 people wanted to be existing in the wild. [51][52][53] On 16 December 2014, a pair of Iberian lynx was released into Guadiana Valley Natural Park near Mértola, Portugal. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Its natural habitat is open forest and sand dunes in isolated areas of Spain and Portugal. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. CBD-Habitat Foundation implements projects dedicated to the recovery, conservation, and reintroduction of the Iberian lynx. The Iberian Lynx is listed as Category 1, with less than 100 animals remaining in the wild. Four males in the area had home ranges of 11.8–12.2 km2 (4.6–4.7 sq mi). [8] Rather fittingly in time with the announcement of our latest event in support of this animal and its habitat, this week we’re taking a look at the Iberian lynx. These partners continue to work at ensuring the Iberian Lynx … Main Characteristics. Binomial name: Lynx pardinus Current conservation status: Endangered. [23] A male requires one rabbit per day while a female raising kittens will eat three per day.